Our genome is made up of 6,000 million pieces of DNA that combine four „flavors“: A, C, G and T (Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine and Thymine). It is our Alphabet. But to this base we must add some regulation, just like the spelling and grammar of that alphabet: this is what we call Epigenetics. In epigenetics, there there are „accents,“ called DNA methylation, which means having a C or a methyl-C. The first one usually means that a gene is expressed and active, while the second one implies that a gene is silent

Quelle: After the epigenome: The epitranscriptome: After genetics, and epigenetics, the epitranscriptome might offer new answers to some diseases — ScienceDaily